abolition


abolition
abolishment, abolition
Both words date from the 16c and have been used principally with reference to concepts and institutions such as authority, laws, beliefs, feelings, and sins. In the 18c and 19c, abolition took on special meanings relating to the slave trade and capital punishment, which caused abolishment to be restricted to more neutral and ad hoc uses emphasizing the process rather than the result

• (The deregulation of financial markets and abolishment of fixed commission rates —Institutional Investor (NEXIS), 1989

• It's a negation of him, an abolishment of him, like ripping a medal off his chest —Margaret Atwood in New Yorker, 1990).

There are roughly 40 times as many instances of abolition in the OEC as there are of abolishment.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • abolition — [ abɔlisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • abolicion 1316; lat. abolitio 1 ♦ Dr. Le fait d abolir, de supprimer; son résultat. L abolition d une loi. ⇒ abrogation. L abolition des privilèges le 4 août 1789. 2 ♦ Cour. Suppression (d une coutume, d une situation). L… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • abolition — I noun abolishment, abrogation, annihilation, annulment, cancellation, defeasance, deposal, destruction, desuetude, discontinuance, dissolutio, dissolution, disusage, disuse, elimination, eradication, extermination, extinction, extinguishment,… …   Law dictionary

  • abolition — Abolition. s. f. v. Anéantissement, extinction, il se dit principalement en parlant des loix & des Coustumes. L abolition des cérémonies de la Loy. abolition d une loy. abolition d un culte superstitieux. l entiere abolition de l Ordre des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • abolition — Abolition, f. C est effacement, aneantissement de quelque chose. Abolition aussi est une espece de lettres de grace d un prince souverain d aucun forfait ou crime capital perpetré par une commune de pays, ville, bourg ou village de ses subjets.… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Abolition — Ab o*li tion, n. [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition. See {Abolish}.] The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abolition — is the act of formally repealing an existing legal practice, either by making it illegal, or simply no longer allowing it to exist in any form.Notable things which have been abolished include: *Slavery see Abolitionism *The Soviet Union *Alcohol… …   Wikipedia

  • abolition — (n.) 1520s, from M.Fr. abolition or directly from L. abolitionem (nom. abolitio) an abolition, noun of action from pp. stem of abolere destroy (see ABOLISH (Cf. abolish)). Specific application to opposition to the black slave trade as a political …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abolition — (lat.), Niederschlagung der Strafverfolgung vor erlassenem Straferkenntnis und dadurch von der Begnadigung im engern Sinn als dem Erlaß der rechtskräftig erkannten Strafe unterschieden. Die A. ist entweder eine generelle (abolitio generalis,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abolition — (lat.), Abschaffung Aufhebung, insbes. eines strafgerichtlichen Verfahrens durch Gnadenakt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abolition — Abolition, landesherrliche Begnadigung eines Angeschuldigten noch vor dessen strafgerichtlicher Beurtheilung. Neuere Gesetzgebungen (z.B. Baiern, Kurhessen) schließen diese Einmischung in den ordentlichen Lauf der Strafgerechtigkeit aus; in den… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • abolition — [n] formal act of putting an end to, annulling abolishment, abrogation, annihilation, annulment, cancellation, destruction, dissolution, elimination, end, ending, eradication, extirpation, invalidation, negation, nullification, obliteration,… …   New thesaurus